How Does Spyware, Malware or Crapware Get on Computer

Owning a personal computer does have its benefits. There are, however, some problems that you are sure to encounter while using it. Spyware, malware, crapware and scareware are just some of the many undesirable software programs that might get on to your computer without your knowledge.

The ill effects of these software are progressively noticed as your computer’s performance goes down or your personal information gets shared with others. Cleaning up your infected computer is possible. However, there are higher benefits that are derived from understanding how your computer can get infected, thereby preventing infections as far as possible.

ways in which computer can be infected

Ways when Spyware, Malware or Crapware Get on Computer

The main way in which malware and other infected programs get on your computer is when you install software blindly. For example, when you are installing a software program, there are some installers that might prompt you to install a driver scanner or a toolbar free of cost.

downloading toolbar

Many users feel that they ought to install this just because it is a free tool. However, this is one way in which your computer gets infected. While there is the option to uninstall the crapware later, the damage to your machine is already done the moment you install it in the first place.

The second way in which infections spread is by downloading torrents and installers from unknown sources. The reason why many reputed software programs are charged is due to the fact these are scanned and free of threats. Some sites offer “cracked” versions of these software, and bundle malware, spyware and crapware along with them.

In the quest for free software and movie torrents, many people have ended up ruining their computers and compromising their security.

The third way in which you get infected files on your computer is by means of scareware. There are some software programs that are designed to trick you into believing that you have an infection on your computer while you actually do not.

scareware

Many unsuspecting users have found themselves staring at a message on their screen which states that their computer is infected and that they need to scan it immediately with a “free” tool. The shock of seeing a huge number of “infections” and “risks” on their machines have led to many blindly using the tool, thereby getting infected software on to their computer, which would have been quite clean prior to this.

The fourth way in which infections spread is by means of external storage devices. Spyware, malware and crapware often attach themselves to external storage devices, especially USB storage devices. Most antivirus software do not detect all infections.

infective hard drives

This makes it extremely easy for these infections to spread from one computer to another. Some of these infections are also self-replicating, and have the ability to re-create a copy of themselves even if you re-format your external storage device. Therefore, avoid unnecessary usage of external storage media on other computers.

Ways To Avoid Computer Infection

The best way to avoid getting your computer infected is to be well informed about the risks. Also, getting a good firewall and antivirus software will protect you. However, keep in mind that hackers are always out to discover new ways in which to compromise the security of computer users. Therefore, exercise judiciousness when using your machine or installing any software of which you are not aware.



Joy Natarajan